Before you get to the article…
On February 23, 2018, my book on the Mau Maus and Sand Street Angels, who were two Brooklyn youth gangs from the 1950s, has been completed. It took 15 years of research and writing to complete Brooklyn Rumble: Mau Maus, Sand Street Angels, and the End of an Era. This book is roughly 6″x9″ and has 370 pages and includes a look at the characters in the Mau Maus and the details of a gang killing that happened in February 1959 in front of the iconic Brooklyn Paramount Theater (now Long Island University). If you want to buy a copy, click here and this link will take you to an online ordering page.
There are many gangs from the 1950s – which is my area of expertise – that are well-known not only to myself but to those that lived in the neighborhoods and just people in general. Gangs such as the Red Wings, Chaplains, Bishops, Mau Maus, Sportsmen, Viceroys and Dragons. However, there are probably just as many and probably more gangs that were around back then that are virtually unknown now.
By the late 1950s – which I consider the heyday of youth gangs – there were between 100-150 bopping gangs across New York City. Some of them were the more infamous gangs that I have listed above. But many gangs were very small in numbers, had very small turfs of maybe only one or two streets and were only in existence for a brief amount of time, perhaps months instead of years like some of the big gangs. Because of the small numbers of some of these gangs, there are fewer people that are living now to tell their story.
An example of a gang name that I have come across is one called the Seven Saints. The Seven Saints were a gang in Harlem and the information I have on them put the date around the summer and fall of 1947. They could have been in existence before and after that time, but I’m not 100% sure. I had never heard of the Seven Saints before this, so I’m not sure if the “Seven” was an indication of the amount of members in their gang or not.
The information below is of Angelo Vizcarrondo, one of the members of the Seven Saints. The District Attorney would always write the information of the defendant they were prosecuting on fool-scap, yellow pieces of paper. As you can see from the paper below, their penmanship is notoriously difficult to read, but if you try hard enough you can glean little bits of information from it. The following information is not just about the Seven Saints, but also about Angelo, one of their members :
So from these two pages, we can get a little bit of information on the Seven Saints gang (and Angelo Vizcarrondo) from East Harlem:
1.) November 30, 1946, Angelo was arrested and taken to Children’s Court for his role in a pocket book snatching and being with a group involved in a stealing spree over three days. Angelo was born in 1931 so this would have been when he was 15 years of age. Another report that I have in my possession (not pictured here), goes into detail into his first brush with the law and describes how Angelo and two others conducted the robberies. But first, a quick introduction to how Angelo got involved in juvenile delinquency in the first place:
“As the defendant grew older, his mother began to obtain outside employment and frequently left the defendant and his older sister completely unsupervised…..As a result of this lack of supervision, the defendant began to associate with undesirable elements in his neighborhood whose delinquency patterns he was quick to emulate.”
It is here that we get a first hint of Angelo being involved in youth gangs. Although the DA doesn’t bring up the Seven Saints until the following spring (see point below), there is a good possibility that this is the first we hear of the Seven Saints on the official record. Here is how the robberies were committed:
“In this offense, the defendant and two others stole a pocketbook containing $55. (sic) and personal papers. The defendant was a member of an organized group that had stolen nine pocketbooks during a three-day period with a total “loot” of more than $500. Their method of operation was to enter a subway train where one or more members of the group would hold back the doors of a subway car while another member would grab a purse from a woman passenger. As the actual thief would run from the car, his companions would release the doors so that the passenger would be locked in the train. Although Vizcarrondo, at that time, denied having participated with the gang in any of their other eight pocketbook thefts, he admitted that the gang would utilized force if necessary.”
Angelo was sent to the Youth House for examination and on Boxing Day, 1946, while he was waiting in a clinic for examination, he escaped. A bench warrant was issued for his arrest but he wasn’t captured until the spring of 1947, see point #2 below.
2.) On May 18, 1947, Angelo, along with John Bell, Antonio Martinez, Geo Cantro and Olga Arkurzoni were arrested with a U.S. Navy flare gun in their possession as well as a Harper & Allen .38 revolver. It is here that the DA made a note for the first time that they were members of the Seven Saints. He also noted they had been terrorizing the neighborhood and had been responsible for muggings in nearby Central Park.
3.) On July 21, 1947, Angelo was appeared in Court for his role in a “gang fight.”
4.) On September 16, 1947, Angelo’s bedroom was searched by the police who found a dagger under his bed.
So based on this timeline of events we know the Seven Saints gang from East Harlem existed at least in the spring, summer and fall of 1947, with a good possibility of being in existence in 1946 as well.
By 1955, Angelo was no longer involved in youth gangs and had graduated to a life of dealing drugs and addicted to heroin, with numerous “tracks” on his arms from drug use. I don’t know the whereabouts of Angelo now, but if he was alive today (2013) he would be 82 years old. The Seven Saints are long-gone as well. Although I have heard of other Saints’ gangs in the City, this is the first I have heard of a Saints gang in Harlem. On a cursory glance I don’t see reference to the Seven Saints elsewhere on the Web or in books and this could be the only bit of paltry information we have on this gang.
I realize that this page was a mixture of Angelo’s history and the history of the Seven Saints, but with all youth gang research the two are intricately intertwined.